Southern Girl - Various - The Beat Explosion EP (Vinyl) download full album zip cd mp3 vinyl flac
Hard Rock. Hard Rock French. Neo Metal. Stoner Rock. Southern Girl - Various - The Beat Explosion EP (Vinyl) Fusion. Rock n Roll. Elvis Presley. The Beatles. The Rolling Stones. Pop general. Current Pop. Pop 90s. Pop 80s. French Pop. French Rock.
Johnny Hallyday. Traditional Music. Pays Basque. Others French. European Grooves. Other Countries. Soul 80s. Italo Disco. Acid jazz. Groove Revival. Jazz Classic. Cool Jazz. Modern Jazz. Jazz fusion. Vocal jazz. Spiritual jazz. Free Jazz. Others Jazz. US Rap. Old School Rap. West coast Rap. East coast Rap. Others US Rap. French Rap. Between andthe loss of whites totaled 1, From toten of the eleven former Confederate states, along with Oklahoma upon statehood, passed disfranchising constitutions or amendments that introduced voter registration barriers—such as poll taxesresidency requirements and literacy tests —that were hard for many poor to meet.
Most African Americans, most Mexican Americans, and tens of thousands of poor whites were disfranchised, losing the vote for decades. In some states, grandfather clauses temporarily exempted white illiterates from literacy tests. The numbers of voters dropped drastically throughout the former Confederacy as a result. Alabama, which had established universal white suffrage in when it became a state, also substantially reduced voting by poor whites.
While African Americans, poor whites and civil rights groups started litigation against such provisions in the early 20th century, for decades Supreme Court decisions overturning such provisions were rapidly followed by new state laws with new devices to restrict voting.
Most blacks in the former Confederacy and Oklahoma could not vote untilafter passage of the Voting Rights Act and Federal enforcement to ensure people could register. Despite increases in the eligible voting population with the inclusion of women, blacks, and those eighteen and over throughout this period, turnout in ex-Confederate states remained below the national average throughout the 20th century.
Historian William Chafe has explored the defensive techniques developed inside the African-American community to avoid the worst features of Jim Crow as expressed in the legal system, unbalanced economic power, and intimidation and psychological pressure.
Chafe says "protective socialization by blacks themselves" was created inside the community in order to accommodate white-imposed sanctions while subtly encouraging challenges to those sanctions. Known as "walking the tightrope," such efforts at bringing about change were only slightly effective Before the s, but did build the foundation The younger African-Americans deployed in their aggressive, large-scale activism during the civil rights movement in the s.
At the end of the 19th century, white Democrats in the South had created state constitutions that were hostile to industry and business development, with anti-industrial laws extensive from the time new constitutions were adopted in the s.
Traditional agricultural persisted across the region. Especially in Alabama and Florida, rural minorities held control in many state legislatures long after population had shifted to industrializing cities, and legislators resisted business and modernizing interests: Alabama refused to redistrict between andlong after major population and economic shifts to cities.
For decades Birmingham generated the majority of revenue for the state, for instance, but received little back in services or infrastructure. In the late 19th century, Texas rapidly expanded its railroad network, creating a network of cities connected on a radial plan and linked to the port of Galveston.
It was the first state [ citation needed ] in which urban and economic development proceeded independently of rivers, the primary transportation network of the past. A reflection of increasing industry were strikes and labor unrest: "in Texas ranked ninth among forty states in number of workers involved in strikes 4, ; for the six-year period it ranked fifteenth. Seventy-five of the one hundred strikes, chiefly interstate strikes of telegraphers and railway workers, occurred in the year By Dallas became the largest city in Texas, and by it had a population of more than 42, which more than doubled to over 92, a decade later.
Dallas was the harnessmaking capital of the world and a center of other manufacturing. As an example of its ambitions, in Dallas built the Praetorian Building, fifteen storeys tall and the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi, soon to be followed by other skyscrapers. Each exceeded fifty thousand in population bywith the major cities having three times that population.
Business interests were ignored by the Southern Democrat ruling class. Growth began occurring at a geometric rate. Birmingham became a major steel producer and mining town, with major population growth in the early decades of the 20th century. The first major oil well in the South was drilled at Spindletop near Beaumont, Texason the morning of January 10, Other oil fields were later discovered nearby in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and under the Gulf of Mexico.
The resulting "Oil Boom" permanently transformed the economy of the West South Central states and produced the richest economic expansion after the Civil War. In the early 20th century, invasion of the boll weevil devastated cotton crops in the South, producing an additional catalyst to African Americans' decisions to leave the South. From tomore than 6. Black migration transformed many Northern and Western cities, creating new cultures and music.
Many African Americans, like other groups, became industrial workers; others started their own businesses within the communities. Southern whites also migrated to industrial cities like Chicago, Detroit, Oakland, and Los Angeles, where they took jobs in the booming new auto and defense industry.
After the Wall Street Crash ofthe economy suffered significant reversals and millions were left unemployed. Beginning in and lasting untilan ecological disaster of severe wind and drought caused an exodus from Texas and Arkansas, the Oklahoma Panhandle region, and the surrounding plains, in which overAmericans were homeless, hungry and jobless.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt noted the South as the "number one priority" in terms of need of assistance during the Great Depression. His administration created programs such as the Tennessee Valley Authority in to provide rural electrification and stimulate development. Locked into low-productivity agriculture, the region's growth was slowed by limited industrial development, low levels of entrepreneurship, and the lack of capital investment. World War II marked a time of dramatic change in the poor, heavily rural South as new industries and military bases were developed by the Federal government, providing badly needed capital and infrastructure in many regions.
People from all parts of the US came to the South for military training and work in the region's many bases and new industries. During and after the war millions of hard-scrabble farmers, both white and black, left agriculture for urban jobs. United States began mobilizing for war in a major way in the spring of The warm sunny weather of the South proved ideal for building 60 percent of the Army's new training camps and nearly half the new airfields, In all 40 percent of spending on new military installations went to the South.
For example it, and sleepy Starke, Florida a town of people inbecame the base of Camp Blanding. By March20, men were constructing a permanent camp for 60, Southern Girl - Various - The Beat Explosion EP (Vinyl). Huge warplane plants were opened in Dallas-Fort Worth and Georgia.
The most secret and expensive operation was at Oak Ridge, Tennesseewere unlimited amounts of locally generated electricity were used to prepare uranium for the atom bomb. Most training centers, factories and shipyards were closed inbut not all, and the families that left hardscrabble farms remained to find jobs in the urban South. The region had finally reached the take off stage into industrial and commercial growth, although its income and wage levels lagged well behind the national average.
Nevertheless, as George B. Tindall notes, the transformation was, "The demonstration of industrial potential, new habits of mind, and a recognition that industrialization demanded community services.
Southern income rose from 59 percent to 65 percent. Dewey Grantham says the war, "brought an abrupt departure from the South's economic backwardness, poverty, and distinctive rural life, as the region moved perceptively closer to the mainstream of national economic and social life. Farming shifted from cotton and tobacco to include cattle, rice, soybeanscornand other foods.
Industrial growth increased in the s and greatly accelerated into the s and s. Several large urban areas in Texas, Georgia, and Florida grew to over four million people.
Rapid expansion in industries such as autos, telecommunications, textiles, technology, banking, and aviation gave some states in the South an industrial strength to rival large states elsewhere in the country. By the census, the South along with the West was leading the nation in population growth. With this growth, however, has come long commute times and air pollution problems in cities such as Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, Austin, Charlotte, and others that rely on sprawling development and highway networks.
Southern liberals were an essential part of the New Deal coalition — without them Roosevelt lacked majorities in Congress. Typical leaders were Lyndon B. They promoted subsidies for small farmers, and supported the nascent labor union movement. An essential condition for this North-South coalition was for northern liberals to ignore Southern Girl - Various - The Beat Explosion EP (Vinyl) racism. Afterhowever, northern liberals—led especially by young Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota—increasingly made civil rights a central issue.
They convinced Truman to join them in The conservative Southern Democrats — the Dixiecrats — took control of the state parties in half the region and ran Strom Thurmond for president against Truman. Thurmond carried only the deep South, but that threat was enough to guarantee the national Democratic Party in in would not make civil rights a major issue. Inof the southern congressmen and senators signed the Southern Manifesto denouncing forced desegregation. Southern liberals were in a quandary — most of them kept quiet or moderated their liberalism, others switched sides, and the rest continued on the liberal path.
One by one, the last group was defeated; historian Numan V. Bartley states, "Indeed, the very word 'liberal' gradually disappeared from the southern political lexicon, except as a term of opprobrium. In the late 20th century, the South changed dramatically. It saw a boom in its service economymanufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector.
Texas in particular witnessed dramatic growth and population change with the dominance of the energy industry and tourism such as the Alamo Mission in San Antonio. Tourism in Florida and along the Gulf Coast also grew steadily throughout the last decades of the 20th century.
The two largest research parks in the country are located in the South: Research Triangle Park in North Carolina the world's largest and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama the world's fourth largest. In medicine, the Texas Medical Center in Houston has achieved international recognition in education, research, and patient care, especially in the fields of heart disease, cancer, and rehabilitation. In the Texas Medical Center was the largest medical center in the world including fourteen hospitals, two medical schools, four colleges of nursing, and six university systems.
Anderson Cancer Center is consistently ranked the 1 cancer research and treatment center in the United States. Many major banking corporations have headquarters in the region. Bank of America is in Charlotte, North Carolina. Wachovia was headquartered there before its purchase by Wells Fargo. In recent years some southern states, most notably Texas, have lured companies with lower tax burdens and lower cost of living for their workforce.
Today, the states with the most Fortune companies include California, New York, and Texas; closely mirroring the economic and population resources of those states.
This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to report some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States. Southern public schools in the past ranked in the lower half of some national surveys. Mississippi scores lower than average no matter how the statistics are compared. Several Southern states Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia were British colonies that sent delegates to sign the Declaration of Independence and then fought against the government along with the Northern colonies during the Revolutionary War.
Southern manners and customs reflect the relationship with England that was held by the early population. Overall, the South has had lower percentages of high school graduates, lower housing values, lower household incomes, and lower cost of living than the rest of the United States.
The predominant culture of the South has its origins with the settlement of the region by large groups of people from parts of southern England such as SussexKentthe West Countryand East Anglia who moved to the Tidewater and the eastern parts of the Deep South in the 17th and early 18th centuries, Northern EnglishScots lowlanders and Ulster-Scots later called the Scotch-Irish who settled in Appalachia and the Piedmont in the mid to late 18th century,  and the many African slaves who were part of the Southern economy.
African-American descendants of the slaves brought into the South compose the United States' second-largest racial minority, accounting for Despite Jim Crow era outflow to the Norththe majority of the black population remains concentrated in the Southern states, and has heavily contributed to the cultural blend Christianity, foods, art, music see spiritualbluesjazz and rock and roll that characterize Southern culture today.
In previous censuses, the largest ancestry group identified by Southerners was English or mostly English,    with 19, self-reporting "English" as an ancestry on the census, followed by 12, listing " Irish " and 11, " Afro-American ". The First Great Awakening and the Second Great Awakening from about about generated large numbers of Methodists and Baptists, which remain the two main Christian confessions in the South. The great majority of black Southerners are either Baptist or Methodist.
Apart from its climate, the living experience in the South increasingly resembles the rest of the nation. The arrival of millions of Northerners has reshaped the culture of major metropolitan areas and coastal areas.
While Hispanics have long been a major factor in Texas, millions more have arrived in other Southern states in recent years bringing values not rooted in local traditions. He adds other factors such as ongoing economic crisis in Mexico, new more liberal immigration policies in the United States, labor recruitment and smuggling, that have produced a major flow of Mexican and Hispanic migration to the southeast.
That region's low-wage, low-skill economy readily hired cheap, reliable, nonunion labor, without asking applicants too many questions about legal status. Gonzales argues that the rise of La Raza Mexican American community in terms of numbers and influence in politics, education, and language and cultural rights will grow rapidly in Texas by when demographers predict Hispanics will outnumber Anglos in Texas. Scholars have suggested that in the Deep South collective identity and Southern distinctiveness are thus declining, particularly when defined against "an earlier South that was somehow more authentic, real, more unified and distinct".
Racial integration of all-white collegiate sports teams was high on the regional agenda in the s and s. Involved were issues of equality, racism, and the alumni demand for the top players needed to win high profile games. First they started to schedule integrated teams from the North. Finally ACC schools—typically under pressure from boosters and civil rights groups—integrated their teams. American football, especially at the college and high school level, is by far the most popular team sport in most areas of the Southern United States.
The SEC, consisting entirely of teams based in Southern states, is widely considered to be the strongest league in contemporary college football and includes the Alabama Crimson Tidethe program with the most national championships in the sport's history.
The sport is also highly competitive and has a spectator following at the high school levelparticularly in rural areas where high school football games often serve as prominent community gatherings. Though not as popular on a wider basis as the collegiate game, professional football also has a growing tradition in the Southern United States.
Before league expansion began in the s, the only established professional team based in the South Southern Girl - Various - The Beat Explosion EP (Vinyl) the Washington Redskinswho still retain a large following in most of Virginia, and parts of Maryland.
It was traditionally more popular than American football until the s, and still accounts for the largest annual attendance amongst sports played in the South. The first mention of a baseball team in Houston was on April 11, The short-lived Louisville Colonels were a part of the early National League and American Associationbut ceased to exist in College baseball appears to be more well attended in the Southern U.
The sport was developed in the South in the early 20th century, with stock car racing's historic mecca being Daytona Beach, Floridawhere cars initially raced on the wide, flat beachfront before the construction of Daytona International Speedway. Basketball is very popular throughout the Southern United States as both a recreational and spectator sport, particularly in the states of Kentucky and North Carolina which are home to several historically prominent college basketball programs, the most prominent of which are the Kentucky WildcatsLouisville CardinalsDuke Blue Devils and North Carolina Tar Heels.
Golf is a popular recreational sport in most areas of the South, with the region's warm climate allowing it to host many professional tournaments and numerous destination golf resorts, particularly in the state of Florida. The region is home to The Mastersan elite invitational competition played at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgiawhich has become one of the professional game's most important tournaments. In recent decades association footballknown in the South as in the rest of the United States as "soccer", has become a popular sport at youth and collegiate levels throughout the region.
The game has been historically widespread at the college level in the Atlantic coast states of Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas, which contain many of the nation's most successful college soccer programs. For cancer in a region, the South, particularly an axis from West Virginia through Texas, leads the nation in adult obesity, adult smoking, low exercise, low fruit consumption, low vegetable consumption, all known cancer risk factors,  which matches a similar high risk axis in "All Cancers Combined, Death Rates by State, " from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
In the first decades after Reconstruction, when white Democrats regained power in the state legislatures, they began to make voter registration more complicated, to reduce black voting. With a combination of intimidation, fraud and violence by paramilitary groups, they suppressed black voting and turned Republicans out of office. From toten of eleven states ratified new constitutions or amendments that effectively disenfranchised most black voters and many poor white voters.
This disfranchisement persisted for six decades into the 20th century, depriving blacks and poor whites of all political representation. Because they could not vote, they could not sit on juries. They had no one to represent their interests, resulting in state legislatures consistently underfunding programs and services, such as schools, for blacks and poor whites.
Victory in a primary was tantamount to election. From the late s to the s, only rarely was a state or national Southern politician a Republican, apart from a few Appalachian mountain districts. Apart from a few states such as the Byrd Machine in Virginia, the Crump Machine in Memphisand a few other local organizations, the Democratic Party itself was very lightly organized.
It managed primaries but party officials had little other role. To be successful a politician built his own network of friends, neighbors and allies. Reelection was the norm, and the result from to the late 20th century was that Southern Democrats in Congress had accumulated seniority, and automatically took the chairmanships of all committees. Southern legislatures quickly passed other measures to keep blacks disfranchised, even after suffrage was extended more widely to poor whites.
Because white Democrats controlled all the Southern seats in Congress they had outsize power in Congress and could sidetrack or filibuster efforts by Northerners to pass legislation against lynching, for example. These Dixiecrats returned to the party bybut Southern Democrats held off Republican inroads in the suburbs by arguing that only they could defend the region from the onslaught of northern liberals and the civil rights movement.
In response to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling ofSouthern congressmen 19 senators, 82 House members of which 99 were Southern Democrats and 2 were Republicans in denounced the Brown decisions as a "clear abuse of judicial power [that] climaxes a trend in the federal judiciary undertaking to legislate in derogation of the authority of Congress and to encroach upon the reserved rights of the states and the people. Johnsonand Tennessee senators Albert Gore, Sr.
Virginia closed schools in Warren CountyPrince Edward CountyCharlottesvilleand Norfolk rather than integrate, but no other state followed suit. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act ofwhich ended legal segregation and provided federal enforcement of voting rights for blacks.
Pockets of resistance to integration in public places broke out in violence during the s by the shadowy Ku Klux KlanSouthern Girl - Various - The Beat Explosion EP (Vinyl), which caused a backlash among moderates.
National Republicans such as Richard Nixon began to develop their Southern strategy to attract conservative white Southerners, especially the middle class and suburban voters, in addition to migrants from the North and traditional GOP pockets in Appalachia. The transition to a Republican stronghold in the South took decades. First, the states started voting Republican in presidential elections, except for native sons Jimmy Carter in and Bill Clinton in and Then the states began electing Republican senators and finally governors.
Georgia was the last state to do so, with Sonny Perdue taking the governorship in After the elections, the eleven states of the former Confederacy were represented by 98 Republicans, 40 Democrats. The South produced nine of the first twelve Presidents prior to the Civil War. For more than a century after the Civil War, no politician from an antebellum slave state became President unless he either moved North like Woodrow Wilson or was vice president when the president died in office like Andrew JohnsonHarry Truman and Lyndon B.
InJimmy Carter defied this trend and became the first Southerner to break the pattern since Zachary Taylor in Johnson —69Jimmy Carter —81George H. Bush —93Bill Clinton — and George W. Bush — While George H. Bush and George W. Bush began their political careers in Texas, they were both born in New England and have their ancestral roots in that region. The South has produced various nationally known politicians and political movements.
Ina group of Democratic congressmen, led by Governor Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, split from the Democrats in reaction to an anti-segregation speech given by Minneapolis mayor and future senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota. During that year's Presidential election, the party ran Thurmond as its candidate and he carried four Deep South states.
Wallace ran for President on the American Independent Party ticket. Nixon's Southern Strategy of gaining electoral votes downplayed race issues and focused on culturally conservative values, such as family issues, patriotism, and cultural issues that appealed to Southern Baptists.
Gingrich became Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in and served until his resignation in Tom DeLay was the most powerful Republican leader in Congress [ citation needed ] until he was indicted under criminal charges in and was forced to step aside by Republican rules. The Republicans candidates for President have won the South in elections sinceexcept for The region is not, however, entirely monolithic, and every successful Democratic candidate since has claimed at least three Southern states.
Barack Obama won Florida, Maryland, Delaware, North Carolina, and Virginia in but did not repeat his victory in North Carolina during his reelection campaign.
Native Americans had lived in the south for nearly 12, years. They were defeated by settlers in a series of wars ending in the War of and the Seminole Warsand most were removed west to Indian Territory now Oklahoma and Kansasbut large numbers of Native Americans managed to stay behind by blending into the surrounding society.
This was especially true of the wives of Euro-American merchants and miners. During this migration, blacks left the South to find work in Northern factories and other sectors of the economy. The migration also empowered the growing Civil Rights Movement. While the movement existed in all parts of the United States, its focus was against disfranchisement and the Jim Crow laws in the South. In addition, some of the most important writings to come out of the movement were written in the South, such as King's " Letter from Birmingham Jail ".
Most of the civil rights landmarks can be found around the South. The 16th Street Baptist Church served as a rallying point for coordinating and carrying out the Birmingham campaignas well as the adjacent Kelly Ingram Park that served as ground zero for the infamous children's protest that eventually led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of has been rededicated as a place of "Revolution and Reconciliation" and is now the setting of moving sculptures related to the battle for Civil Rights in the city, both are center pieces of the Birmingham Civil Rights District.
The Martin Luther King, Jr. A second migration appears to be underway, with African Americans from the North moving to the South in record numbers. According to report by researchers at the University of Wisconsin—MilwaukeeVirginia BeachCharlotteNashville-Davidsonand Jacksonville were the five most integrated of the nation's fifty largest cities, with Memphis at number six. The decisive action ending segregation came when Congress in bipartisan fashion overcame Southern filibusters to pass the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of A complex interaction of factors came together unexpectedly in the period to make the momentous changes possible.
The Supreme Court had taken the first initiative in Brown v. Board of Education making segregation of public schools unconstitutional. Enforcement was rapid in the North and border states, but was deliberately stopped in the South by the movement called Massive Resistancesponsored by rural segregationists who largely controlled the state legislatures.
Southern liberals, who counseled moderation, where shouted down by both sides and have limited impact. King organize massive demonstrations, that seiozed massive media attention in an era when network television news was an innovative and universally watched phenomenon. National attention focused on Birmingham, Alabama, where protesters deliberately provoked Bull Connor and his police forces by using young teenagers as demonstrators — and Connor arrested on one day alone. The next day Connor unleashed billy clubs, police dogs, and high-pressure water hoses to disperse and punish the young demonstrators with a brutality that horrified the nation.
It was very bad for business, and for the image of a modernizing progressive urban South. President John F. Kennedy, who had been calling for moderation, threatened to use federal troops to restore order in Birmingham. The result in Birmingham was compromise by which the new mayor opened the library, golf courses, and other city facilities to both races, against the backdrop of church bombings and assassinations.
Confrontations continued to escalate, In summerthere were demonstrations in southern cities and towns, with overparticipants, and 15, arrests. This organic sheet set got its name because it's pretty much the best kids bedding around okay, it's also because it features a printed bee pattern. Coordinate it with our Bee's Knees Kids Bedding and your little ones will definitely be buzzing about it.
I love the message of these Tees! These are printed on our highest quality super soft tees! Love this leather Personalized Crossbody. I'm a Southern Girl, I'll put my monogram on anything that stands still long enough!
SoutherGirlFashion MonogrammedCrossbody ad.
Incognito - Elekseveneks - Lapis Lazuli (CDr), Young Hearts Run Free - Various - Boogie Fever (Cassette), Law Of The Jungle, Tolmer30 - Wagawaga - Less Hectic (File, MP3), The Gay Paris / French Pillow Talk (Original Album Medley), Why I Cant Stand One Night Stands - Catatonia - International Velvet (CD, Album), Soul - Various - Funk Power Volume One (Vinyl, LP), Hey, Little Bird, I Found Out - John Lennon - Studio Tracks Vol. 1 (CD), Leaving This Planet - Part II, Big Dream And A Pinch Of Towel - Various - Leaning Forward: A Castles in Space Christmas Present (Fi, Run Around - Jefferson Airplane - Takes Off (Vinyl, LP, Album), Sunny Day - Benny Soebardja - The Lizard Years (CD), Petit F.N.O. - Various - Promo Mix 93 (Vinyl)
Published in Blues Rock