Life Of Repetition - ESP (15) - Three Wise Men (CDr) download full album zip cd mp3 vinyl flac
And were there even three of them, since Matthew never gives a specific number, only tells us that there were three gifts? Many early Christian writings attempted to provide answers to these questions, but one stands out as truly exceptional. Known as the Revelation of the Magi, it is a complex, rich, and strange narrative that purports to be the Wise Men's personal testimony about the birth of Jesus. According to this writing, the Wise Men or better, Magi are mystical sages living at the eastern edge of the world, guarding an ancient prophecy about a coming star that will signify the birth of God in human form.
The appearance of the star, their miraculous journey to Bethlehem, and what became of them afterwards -- all of these events are presented in vivid detail in the Revelation of the Magi. There are no other early Christian writings that provide such a complete explanation of these mysterious figures.
My dissertation, completed inwas the first English translation and study of this intriguing apocryphal Christian text. The newly released HarperOne edition of the Revelation of the Magi includes my fully annotated translation, along with a new introduction and conclusion designed for a more general readership. As a scholar, I feel incredibly fortunate to have stumbled upon such an intriguing and neglected text.
I do not claim, however, to have "discovered" it, since that makes it sound as if I unearthed it from the sands of Egypt. In reality, it Life Of Repetition - ESP (15) - Three Wise Men (CDr) sitting on a shelf in the Vatican Library, waiting for someone to pay closer attention to it. This should serve as a reminder to biblical scholars: important -- even revolutionary -- texts may be not truly be "lost" at all, but simply languishing in a library or a monastery, hidden in plain sight.
As a newly translated apocryphal Christian writing, the Revelation of the Magi will surely receive attention mostly Life Of Repetition - ESP (15) - Three Wise Men (CDr) what it tells us about the Magi or, to speak more precisely, what early Christians thought about them.
But here, I would like to explore what this writing says about the scope of Christ's revelation to the world. At first glance, the text seems to display a much more tolerant attitude toward non-Christian religions than what is found in other early Christian writings. But how tolerant is it, actually? Does it still ultimately claim Christianity to be the only path to salvation? Before addressing such questions, let me explain part of the story in a bit more detail.
In my very brief summary of the plot above, I left out a crucial detail about the Magi's star. When their star finally appears, it descends from heaven and transforms into a small, luminous human being. It is not quite a star, and not exactly human either, but something else -- a star-child, if you will.
Although the text never explicitly identifies this being as Christ, his words to the Magi and the overall narrative make this point clear. The Magi, naturally, rejoice that their long-awaited prophecy has finally come to pass. Surprisingly, however, the star-child tells them that his epiphany to them is only one small part of his revelation to the people of the world:. Further statements by Christ, the Magi, and even God himself reinforce this conception of Christ's boundless revelation throughout the world.
In sum, the Revelation of the Magi contends that Christ is actually the hidden source of all or most of humanity's religious systems. Therefore, according to this text, non-Christian religions do not actually exist, since Christ pervades them all. One does not have to be an expert in early Christian literature to recognize just how unusual and extraordinary this text's attitude toward other religions is. Although there are Christian churches and organizations that have made great contributions to inter-religious dialogue, it still remains true that traditional Christian thought rejects the validity of all other religions.
The dominant attitude for much of the last two Life Of Repetition - ESP (15) - Three Wise Men (CDr) years has been that of Jesus' words in Johnstill frequently quoted in Christian conversations about other religions: "I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. In the earliest days of the Christian movement, there were two main ways of conceptualizing the gods of other peoples: they were demonic beings, or they were the products of human imagination.
Neither of these outlooks seem to have been part of Jesus' teaching see the intriguing story in Mark ; instead, they were a standard feature of Judaism that the first Christians simply took over. In the second century, some philosophically-minded Christians allowed for the possibility that a few pagan luminaries, such as Socrates and Plato, were partly inspired by Christ.
But such Christians were just as firm that these previews of Christ were quite vague and limited in comparison with the full revelation in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. So, the outlook of the Revelation of the Magi goes far beyond what any other Christians of the time thought about other religions. In fact, its view seems rather comparable to the notion of "anonymous Christians" developed by Karl Rahner, one of the greatest Catholic theologians of the twentieth century and a key architect of Vatican II.
Moreover, the first gospel does not say the magi are kings. This idea goes back to the church father Tertullian around a. Who, then, are the wise men? Persia, Babylon, and Arabia are all possible countries of origin, with Babylon the likeliest option since contact with its large Jewish community would have prompted the magi to come looking for a king in Jerusalem. Apparently the star at first directs them only to Palestine, and they go to Jerusalem to find the child because the capital city is a logical first place to start searching for a newborn king.
We know that his desire to worship the Christ is a lie vv. After seeing Herod, the star leads them to where the child is living v. This prompts exceedingly great rejoicing v. The wise men and their mission are highly significant. The Bible refers to the three wise men in the gospel of Matthew:, Life Of Repetition - ESP (15) - Three Wise Men (CDr).
The Parthian Empire rivaled Rome, and Israel served as a buffer state between the two contending empires. When the Medes and Persians conquered Babylon, they established a hereditary priesthood of wise men, which was known as magicians or magi.
Because the Magi were able to interpret dreams, King Darius declared the magi to be the state religion. During this time, the Magi held a dual priestly and governmental authority. From this hereditary priesthood, the Magi of the Persian Empire, came the wise men who followed a star, in search of the baby who was born King of the Jews.
When the wise men entered into Jerusalem and inquired of Herod, he was troubled Matthew Herod considered himself to be king of the Jews, and he knew that no heir to this title had been born in his house. The designation of only three is comes from the fact that only three gifts are recorded as having been given to the Christ Child.
From historical information, it is likely a cavalry of formidable men on horseback rode into Jerusalem. No wonder that Herod was troubled. So also was the entire city. Matthew Herod was not only troubled. He also felt threatened. He had been named, by Rome, to be king of the Jews and he was sent to rule in Jerusalem and have authority over the Jewish people. Another to come would have threatened his rule. It is evidenced that Herod took the claim seriously by his actions.
He called upon the chief priests and scribes and demanded that they tell him where Christ would be born Matthew Interestingly, this reveals that Herod expected the Jewish Scriptures could answer his question — probably because he knew of prophecies of the Jews that had already been fulfilled.
The priests and scribes gave Herod the answer:. Matthew …In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
Herod was so convinced that he conspired to secure his position and authority. With evil intent, he sent forth the wise men and deceitfully claimed a desire to worship the child.
When the wise men did not return, Herod determined to eliminate any threat to his rule and ordered children two and under be killed Matthew The wise men were the magi of the Parthian Empire.
The Bible only mentions three gifts presented to the Christ Child—gold, frankincense, and myrrh—therefore it has Life Of Repetition - ESP (15) - Three Wise Men (CDr) erroneously thought there were only three magi. Tradition has even suggested that we know their names—Gaspar, Balthasar, and Melchior, but we must remember that the Bible does not support them being kings, nor does it give their names.
Herod required that all children two and under were to be killed Matthew
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